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EU prepares plan to provide Ukraine with long-term security commitments - Bloomberg

EU prepares plan to provide Ukraine with long-term security commitments - Bloomberg Illustrative photo (Getty Images)
Author: Maria Kholina

The European Union is preparing a plan to provide Ukraine with long-term security commitments, including a mechanism for military support, training for the Armed Forces of Ukraine, and support for the development of the country's defense industry, according to Bloomberg.

Journalists were able to review the draft document, the basis of which was provided to EU member states. The plan will be discussed by EU ambassadors this week and by bloc leaders in December.

Details of the plan

The EU's framework program includes the following proposals:

  • “A predictable, efficient, sustainable and long-term mechanism for the provision of military equipment to Ukraine” that mobilizes the European defense industry
  • Providing training to Ukrainian armed forces
  • Greater cooperation with the Ukrainian defense industry to boost capacity and align standards
  • Strengthening Ukraine’s ability to counter cyber and hybrid threats as well as disinformation
  • Supporting Ukraine’s de-mining efforts and addressing contamination caused by explosive remnants
  • Helping Ukraine with its reform agenda relating to its EU accession process, as well as boosting its ability to monitor stocks of firearms, light weapons and ammunition and counter any illegal trafficking
  • Supporting the country’s energy transition and nuclear safety efforts
  • Sharing intelligence and satellite imagery

It is also noted that the plan will form the basis for consultations with Ukraine and the Big Seven countries.

Security guarantees

The G7 members agreed at the 2023 NATO summit to coordinate a set of bilateral security guarantees with Ukraine aimed at deterring Russian aggression against the country.

In turn, Ukraine has committed to continuing a series of reforms, including in the law enforcement and judicial systems, as well as in the security and defense sectors.

Some key allied countries of Ukraine seek to conclude bilateral agreements this year.

Challenges for EU support

Discussions of such a plan are taking place against the backdrop of the EU's failure to fulfill its commitment to provide one million artillery munitions to the Ukrainian Defense Forces by March 2024. Negotiations on long-term assistance are also said to be at an impasse, according to the report.

The document states that support for arms supplies, as before, will be provided through the European Peace Fund, a mechanism that reimburses member states for what they supply to Ukraine.

According to an EU diplomat in conversation with journalists, the initial EU plan to allocate 20 billion euros ($21.8 billion) over four years for compensating the transfer of weapons to Ukraine is at risk of falling apart because some member states, including Germany, could not agree on terms.

Instead, EU countries hope to reach an agreement to allocate 5 billion euros in 2024 with commitments for ongoing support, writes Bloomberg.

EU leaders are also expected to discuss the European Commission's recommendation to officially begin membership negotiations with Ukraine at the December summit.

Some streams of support for Ukraine from the EU are blocked by Hungary, as Budapest wants Brussels to first discuss its joint strategy toward Kyiv, said another diplomat.

Earlier, European Council President Charles Michel revealed details of the work on European security guarantees for Ukraine.