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Doctor identifies key signs of vitamin deficiency in children

Doctor identifies key signs of vitamin deficiency in children Illustrative photo (Photo: Freepik)
Author: Daria Shekina

Vitamins are needed by people in small quantities, but they play an important role in influencing the growth and development of a child. A deficiency in vitamins can lead to specific symptoms and illnesses.

How to visually suspect a deficiency of certain vitamins in a child is explained by RBC-Ukraine, according to a post by nutritionist and family doctor Yulia Koval on Instagram.

Hair problems

  • Hair Loss: Deficiency in iron, zinc, biotin.
  • Dry and Dull Hair: Deficiency in all macronutrients, vitamins A and E.
  • Brittle Hair: Deficiency in macronutrients (proteins, fats, carbohydrates), biotin (B7), iron.
  • Alopecia: Deficiency in macronutrients, zinc, vitamin B group.
  • Affected Oral Mucosa and Lips
  • Angular stomatitis (mouth sores): Deficiency in B2, B6, B12.
  • Atrophy of tongue papillae: Niacin deficiency.
  • Bleeding gums: Vitamin C deficiency.
  • Cheilitis (inflammation of lips): Deficiency in B2, B6.
  • Glossitis (inflammation of the tongue): Niacin deficiency, folic acid, B vitamins.
  • Purple tongue: Deficiency in B12.

Skin problems

  • Follicular keratosis: Deficiency in vitamins A, E, C.
  • Perioral and perianal dermatitis: Zinc deficiency.
  • Ecchymosis, petechiae: Vitamin C, K deficiency.
  • Erythema, hyperpigmentation: Niacin deficiency.
  • Seborrheic dermatitis: Deficiency in vitamin B2, B6, niacin.

Changes in extremities

  • Genu valgum, varum (knock-knees or bowlegs): Vitamin D deficiency.
  • Loss of deep tendon reflexes in lower limbs: Deficiency in B1, B12.
  • Signs of Vitamin Deficiency in Children: The doctor listed the most noticeable symptoms.

Eye afflictions

  • Bitot's spots: Vitamin A deficiency.
  • Revascularization of the cornea: Vitamin B2 deficiency.
  • Dryness (xerosis) of the conjunctiva: Vitamin A deficiency.

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