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Doctor explains how to choose best sunscreen

Doctor explains how to choose best sunscreen How to сhoose sunscreen (

Summer is in full swing, bringing along active sunshine that requires skin protection. Specialized sunscreens and emulsions will help.

Learn how to choose the best protection with insights from Ukrainian pediatrician Daryna Vlasenko.

What to look for when buying sunscreen?

Make sure the product has an SPF (sun protection factor) of 30 or higher and protects against both UVA and UVB rays.

Also, pay attention to water-resistant products (protect children in water for 40-80 minutes).

2 major categories of sunscreens

Mineral sunscreen (inorganic or physical sunscreen) works on the skin's surface and acts as a barrier to sunlight.

It contains zinc or titanium. These products may be a bit difficult to rub in as they are designed to stay on the skin's surface, which may leave the skin slightly whitish. Some even come in fun colors that kids like.

Mineral sunscreen starts working as soon as it's applied but can easily be washed off with water or sweat. For sensitive skin, choose mineral sunscreens with active ingredients like zinc oxide or titanium dioxide.

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Use sunscreen outdoors (Photo:

Chemical sunscreens

They protect the skin by absorbing sunlight like a sponge. These products convert the rays into heat, which is then released from the skin.

Since they penetrate the upper layer of the skin, they don't leave a whitish residue like minerals and are also not easily washed off. However, they may require 15-30 minutes to start working.

Who needs sunscreen?

Every child needs sun protection. According to pediatricians, the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) recommends that all children, regardless of skin tone, use sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher.

Although darker skin has more melanin and tans easier than burns, tanning is a sign of sun damage. Dark-skinned children can also suffer painful sunburns.

By the way, SPF 30 filters out about 97% of UVB radiation, while SPF 50 filters out about 98%.

Doctors advise keeping children under 6 months old away from the sun. When going outside, dress your baby in lightweight clothing that covers the arms and legs, and don't forget a hat with a brim.

For infants under 6 months old, it's best to use mineral sunscreen. Always apply sunscreen whenever children are out in the sun!

This material is for informational purposes only and should not be used for medical diagnosis or self-treatment. Our goal is to provide readers with accurate information about symptoms, causes, and methods of detecting diseases. RBС-Ukraine is not responsible for any diagnoses that readers may make based on materials from the resource. We do not recommend self-treatment and advise consulting a doctor in case of any health concerns.