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Red-level magnetic storm to engulf Earth: Details

Red-level magnetic storm to engulf Earth: Details A magnetic storm will hit Earth in the coming days (Collage by RBC-Ukraine)
Author: Daria Shekina

A strong magnetic storm with a K-index of 5, which corresponds to a red level, has started affecting our planet. It can lead to worsened well-being in people and create disruptions in the operation of radio and electrical equipment. What is known about this magnetic storm is reported by RBC-Ukraine with reference to Meteoagent data.

What is a magnetic storm?

Sun often experiences eruptions, releasing solar energy in various directions. These eruptions vary in intensity, such as solar flares or solar bursts. Solar energy is composed of charged particles (protons and electrons) that move rapidly through space. When these particles reach Earth's magnetosphere and interact with it, they trigger geomagnetic activity, known as a magnetic storm.

The consequences of such encounters can vary, from minor magnetic disturbances to very strong storms. Small fluctuations are usually barely noticeable, while storms with K-indices of 4 and 5 can lead to different outcomes, including satellite disruptions, GPRS issues, interruptions or disturbances in power grids and mobile communications. Stronger magnetic storms can even lead to polar lights.

Some individuals are particularly sensitive to these fluctuations, and during magnetic storm days, they may experience worsened well-being, including headaches.

What is known about the magnetic storm?

According to data from satellite systems NOAA, TESIS, and international meteorological laboratories worldwide, a magnetic storm with a K-index of 4 hit Earth on the evening of Monday, October 16.

On Tuesday, October 17, this storm is expected to intensify, with experts predicting an increase in geomagnetic activity to a K-index of 5, corresponding to a red-level storm.

On Wednesday, October 18, activity is expected to decrease, with a K-index of 4, indicating a moderate-level magnetic storm. Magnetosphere is expected to return to a calm state only on Thursday, October 19.

Red-level magnetic storm to engulf Earth: Details

Magnetic storm on October 17 (screenshot)

Impact of the magnetic storm on humans

  • Debates and research on the effects of magnetic storms on humans continue, and scientists worldwide do not have a consensus.
  • There are various studies that confirm a correlation between worsened well-being, including headaches, and magnetic storms on Earth.
  • During these days, there is an increase in self-reported complaints about physical discomfort, with many people experiencing:
  • Headaches, migraines, dizziness
  • Sleep disturbances: insomnia or increased drowsiness
  • General deterioration of well-being
  • Rapid fatigue, weakness, reduced performance, and concentration Increased anxiety, depression, irritability, and aggression

The greatest danger from magnetic storms is for astronauts who are outside Earth's protective atmosphere. They are at risk of exposure to high levels of radiation, which can significantly increase the likelihood of cancer.

Doctor's recommendations During magnetic storm days, it is advisable to pay more attention to your health and try not to overburden your body unnecessarily. General recommendations include:

Getting enough sleep (at least 7-9 hours per day)

Maintaining a regular daily routine

Balancing work and rest

Following a normal diet and eating routine

Drinking an adequate amount of water

Taking walks in the fresh air

Reducing stress and physical and psychoemotional burdens

Seeking medical assistance if feeling unwell

This material is for informational purposes only and should not be used for medical diagnosis or self-treatment. Our goal is to provide readers with accurate information about symptoms, causes, and methods of detecting diseases. RBС-Ukraine is not responsible for any diagnoses that readers may make based on materials from the resource. We do not recommend self-treatment and advise consulting a doctor in case of any health concerns.