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Military aid and beyond: What security commitments EU provides for Ukraine

Military aid and beyond: What security commitments EU provides for Ukraine Charles Michel, Volodymyr Zelenskyy, and Ursula von der Leyen (

Today, June 27, Ukraine and the European Union signed a security agreement. The document provides for continued military assistance to Ukraine and beyond, according to the Presidential Office.

Security and defense assistance

Supply of weapons

According to the text of the document, the European Union undertakes to provide Ukraine with lethal and non-lethal weapons. It is envisaged by the recently created initiative of the €5 billion Ukraine Assistance Fund.

The EU has also promised to speed up providing the necessary assistance to Ukraine under the 1 million shells and missiles initiative.

Military training

The document emphasizes that the EU will continue to train the Ukrainian military, including through the EU Military Assistance Mission in support of Ukraine (EUMAM).

"The future training targets should be continuously adjusted in terms of numbers and skills, according to combat needs expressed by the Ukrainian Armed Forces, and in coordination with partners," the agreement says.

Cooperation in the defense industry

Ukraine and the EU will promote cooperation between defense companies, including Ukraine's participation in joint procurement and support for the Ukrainian defense industry in increasing production.

Countering illegal arms diversion

The EU and Ukraine have agreed to cooperate to prevent uncontrolled trafficking in firearms, small arms, and light weapons.

"The EU and Ukraine will also actively expose and counter Russian information manipulation in this area," the agreement says.

Assistance to the energy sector

The EU will continue to support energy and nuclear security in Ukraine. The Union Civil Protection Mechanism (UCPM) will continue delivering to assist the Ukrainian energy sector in equipment and services.

Wider security commitments

Accession to the EU

The EU will continue to support Ukraine's intention to join the bloc. In turn, Ukraine is committed to implementing reforms, particularly in the rule of law.

Support for peace in Ukraine

The European Union will try to involve as many countries as possible in supporting a just and lasting peace in Ukraine, based on the principles of the UN Charter and international law.

"It will be for Ukraine to decide about the actual conditions for negotiations," the document says.

Financial assistance

The EU pledges to continue its financial assistance to Ukraine, particularly under the Ukraine Facility program worth EUR 50 billion.

Sanctions against Russia

As the agreement states, Ukraine and the EU will continue to put pressure on Russia to undermine its ability to wage war. This applies to those who provide material assistance to Russia and to third countries that help to circumvent restrictions.

Use of Russian assets

The European Union will continue to work to use the proceeds of immobilized Russian assets to support Ukraine.

A court for Russia

Ukraine and the EU confirm that there can be no impunity for Russia. The agreement supports the creation of a special tribunal for the crime of aggression against Ukraine.

"The European Union will also continue to support all stages of the accountability cycle from investigation to proper prosecution and trial, eventually ensuring reparation and compensation to the victims," the document specifies.

Consultation mechanism

Ukraine and the EU, at the request of either country, will hold consultations within 24 hours in the event of a possible repeat of aggression on Ukraine's needs for self-defense.

According to the text, the agreement can be revised no later than 10 years after the date of signing.

Read the full text of the security agreement between Ukraine and the EU following the link.

President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy signed a security agreement with the EU during his visit to Brussels today.