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How Zelenskyy aims to achieve peace for Ukraine: Essence of president's plan

How Zelenskyy aims to achieve peace for Ukraine: Essence of president's plan Photo: Volodymyr Zelenskyy, President of Ukraine (Getty Images)

President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy has outlined his plan for establishing peace several years after the start of the full-scale Russian invasion. It is based on a peace formula that was presented as early as the fall of 2022.

For more details on Ukraine's intentions regarding the end of the war, refer to the material by RBC-Ukraine below.


"Foundation" as a formula for peace

In the summer of 2022, practically just a few months after the start of full-scale war, Ukraine began developing a document aimed at kickstarting the peace process with Russia. By autumn, President Volodymyr Zelenskyy presented his formula for peace.

The formula for peace consists of the following 10 points, outlining the main conditions for establishing peace with the aggressor country:

  1. Radiation and nuclear safety.
  2. Food security.
  3. Energy security.
  4. Release of all prisoners and deported individuals (including kidnapped children).
  5. Compliance with the UN Charter and restoration of territorial integrity and world order.
  6. Withdrawal of Russian troops and cessation of hostilities.
  7. Restoration of justice.
  8. Resistance to ecocide.
  9. Prevention of escalation.
  10. Formal acknowledgment of the end of the war.

One of the key demands in the formula is the full restoration of Ukraine's territorial integrity. In this context, Ukrainian officials have repeatedly emphasized that the document is grounded in the UN Charter and international law.

Since Zelenskyy introduced the formula for peace, Ukraine has been seeking support for the initiative not only among Western countries but also among Global South nations, which may not hold such a clear position on the war.

Advancing the peace formula worldwide

In 2023, Ukraine initiated meetings regarding the peace formula. These meetings were held only at the level of advisors to heads of states, and the key topic of discussion was the Ukrainian initiative to end the war with Russia.

There were five such meetings, attended by officials from dozens of countries, including Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Switzerland, and others.

The logical continuation of these efforts should be a Peace Summit - a meeting on the peace formula at the level of heads of states. Initially, Ukraine wanted to organize it in 2023, but it didn't happen.

The date for the Summit has already been set - it will take place on June 15-16 at the Bürgenstock resort in Switzerland. At least 107 countries have confirmed their participation so far.

China will not be represented, despite Kyiv's hopes for their participation. This has already been confirmed by a spokesperson for the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Mao Ning.

A similar situation is likely with Saudi Arabia. DPA reports on its refusal to participate in the Summit.

The Peace Summit plans to discuss three topics: energy and nuclear security, issues of free navigation, and prisoner exchange.

Russia may only be involved in the discussion during the second Peace Summit. According to Andrii Yermak, head of the Office of the President of Ukraine, Russia's participation is only possible if the representative is genuinely interested in achieving fair peace with Ukraine.

It should be noted that several countries have declined to be represented at the Peace Summit. More details on this can be found in the material by RBC-Ukraine.

Sources: statements from Andrii Yermak, head of the Office of the President of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelenskyy, President of Ukraine, spokesperson of the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Mao Ning, material from DPA, and the press service of the Office of the President of Ukraine.