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Tips on surviving abnormal heat wave: Doctors' advice

Tips on surviving abnormal heat wave: Doctors' advice Illustrative photo (Freepik)
Author: Maria Kholina

According to meteorologists, temperatures in Ukraine and many other countries are expected to reach 41°C and above soon. However, some hacks can help you feel better even in the heat.

In general, solar radiation carries many risks for humans: sunburns, sunstroke, and heatstroke. Regardless of age and gender, sunlight can even cause skin cancer.

Doctors have compiled 10 main rules to help protect your health during the heat:

Protect your head and as much of your skin as possible from direct sunlight.

The best option is a wide-brimmed hat that shades your ears, neck, and face. Also, choose light, loose, and light-colored clothing, preferably with long sleeves, and it's advisable to wear sunglasses with UVA and UVB protection.

Avoid being in the sun from 11:00 AM to 4:00 PM. During this time, ultraviolet radiation is the most aggressive. Move in the shade when outside and use umbrellas.

Monitor the UV index on weather websites or apps - the higher it is, the greater the danger to skin and eyes. An index of 6 and above is considered dangerous.

Leaving children and animals in a car in the heat is deadly. If it's 30°C outside, the temperature inside a parked car can reach 40°C in just 10 minutes and 53°C in an hour.

Drink plenty of water if there are no contraindications. Maintaining water balance is a necessity. If you don't feel thirsty, drink in small portions.

Avoid sugary drinks, coffee, and alcohol - they increase dehydration.

If you have high blood pressure or other chronic diseases, consult your doctor about the amount of fluid intake.

Use sunscreen to avoid sunburn. Effective creams are considered those with a broad spectrum and a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 or higher - look for SPF information on the packaging.

Eat "light" meals: vegetable soups and salads without meat, fruits, yogurts, lean meat. Avoid spicy foods and fatty dishes, as they can increase body temperature.

Avoid excessive physical activity outdoors at noon. If you don't want to give up sports, start exercising gradually in the heat. If you feel weak or dizzy, stop and move to the shade.

Remember, it is dangerous to stay for a long time not only under direct sunlight but also in hot rooms.

This material is for informational purposes only and should not be used for medical diagnosis or self-treatment. Our goal is to provide readers with accurate information about symptoms, causes, and methods of detecting diseases. RBС-Ukraine is not responsible for any diagnoses that readers may make based on materials from the resource. We do not recommend self-treatment and advise consulting a doctor in case of any health concerns.